Land degradation and taking land for urban development threaten critical ecosystem services, including provision of food and water, climate regulation and recreation. A new report, by the European Environment Agency (EEA), shows how land recycling, such as reusing neglected sites and turning roads or parking lots to green spaces or residential areas, can have positive impacts on the environment and support Europe’s transition towards a circular and green economy.

Society depends on the satisfactory and sustainable management of water. Historically, the primary purpose of water treatment was to protect human health, through reducing disease being transmitted through water. Subsequent measures to address environmental concerns have broadened our expectations of what water and waste water treatment should deliver. The report analyses three pieces of EU water legislation targeted at particular sectors:

·         the Bathing Water Directive (BWD; EEC, 1976; EC, 2006a),

In a technical report on the status of black carbon monitoring in ambient air in Europe, the EEA has argued the European Union's Air Quality Directive is not being fully implemented. The Directive requires Member States to sample, analyse and report fine particulate matter concentrations. For stations in rural areas, the Member States also have to report how much BC‐related components the measured PM2.5 contains. The report notes that this reporting has yet to be fully implemented.

 A report from the European Environment Agency (EEA) gives an overview and analysis of air quality in Europe from 2002 to 2011. It reviews progress towards meeting the requirements of the air quality directives and gives an overview of policies and measures introduced at the European level to improve air quality and minimise impacts. It also details the latest findings and estimates of the effects of air pollution on health and its impacts on ecosystems.