Marrakech climate conference: world forging ahead on climate action despite US election
Whilst overshadowed by the US election result, negotiators to the Marrakech climate conference remained upbeat in their conclusions following the COPP 22 round. Almost 200 countries met in Morocco for the annual UN gathering, against the backdrop of the rapid ratification and entry into force of the landmark deal. With the Paris Agreement coming into force on the 4th November 2016, the COP22, the Marrakech climate conference (COP22), dubbed the Action and Implementation COP, was characterised by a more practical approach to put words into action. A number of concrete outcomes emerged:
The Marrakech Action Proclamation
One of the key deliverables from COP22, the Marrakech Action Proclamation, is a message of global unity and continued resolve to deliver on the Paris objectives and the transition to a global low-carbon economy.
The Paris work programme
Parties agreed a clear way forward that will ensure the rule book will be ready by 2018.
Climate Finance including the 2020 Roadmap: underlining important progress by donors towards reach the goal of jointly mobilising USD 100 billion annually by 2020.
Adaptation Fund: EU countries showed their commitment to supporting their most vulnerable partners in dealing with the impacts of climate change. Several EU Member States (Germany, Belgium, Sweden and Italy) announced new contributions to the Fund which now stands at USD 81 million. The EU pledges account for more than 90% of the total amount available under the Adaptation Fund, which directly supports developing countries in their efforts to cope with the effects of climate change.
Capacity Building: A Paris Committee on Capacity Building to begin its work in 2017 to help developing countries to implement their domestic climate plans.
Warsaw International Mechanism on loss and damage: A Decision was adopted on the review of the mechanism addressing the issues related to loss and damage associated with climate change impacts.
The European Union announced during COP22 a contribution of EUR 40 million from Germany and EUR 20 million from the European Commission to the InsuResilience initiative. This G7 initiative aims to increase access to direct or indirect insurance coverage against the impacts of climate change for up to 400 million of the most vulnerable people in developing countries by 2020.
The European Union reaffirmed its leading role in supporting the African continent in the fight against climate change and in the promotion of renewable energies.
Morocco, Germany, France, Spain and Portugal signed a roadmap for sustainable electricity trade which aims to identify barriers to trade in renewable electricity between the five signatory countries and suggest ways to overcome these barriers.
The EU continues to make significant efforts to scale up support to climate-relevant action. In 2015, the EU and its Member States provided EUR 17.6 billion to help developing countries tackle climate change.
The European External Investment Plan, announced this autumn, is expected to trigger public and private investments of up to EUR 44 billion in African and in the EU Neighbourhood area.
Finally, the Parties to the Paris Agreement will meet again in 2017 to review progress and outcomes on the implementation of the work programme. The deadline for completion of the work is 2018.