MEPS demand further economic impact of Air pollution limits for 2030
The MEP leading work on proposed new stringent air pollution limits for 2030 says the European Commission needs to do more work on the economic impacts of its plan. The costs and benefits of tougher ammonia and methane limits in particular need to be further evaluation according to Julie Girling the Parliament’s ECR group.
The European Commission has proposed to cap methane emissions as part of the overhaul of the National Emissions Ceilings Directive (NECD). The greenhouse gas contributes to the formation of ground-level ozone. The proposal would bring methane into the National Emission Ceiling Directive for the first time. Overall the Commission proposals are seeking to revise the NECD with a 33% emission reduction target for 2030 relative to 2005 levels. New 2030 targets have also been proposed for the five pollutants covered by the 2012 Gothenburg Protocol agreement: SO2, NOx, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and ammonia. The proposed 2030 targets include cutting VOCs and PM2.5 by half and SO2 emissions by 81% on 2005 levels. National requirements for the new methane reduction goal would range from 7% for Ireland up to 53% for Bulgaria.
The European Commission has proposed a flexibility mechanism to help member states meet the 2020, 2025 and 2030 goals, whereby they could offset cuts to NOx, SO2 and PM2.5 levels achieved in the shipping sector against emissions of those pollutants from other sources in the same year. Pollution cuts in the maritime sector would have to happen in member states’ territorial seas or exclusive economic zones, and authorities would need to implement “effective monitoring and inspection measures”.
Member states will have to draw up national air pollution control programmes member states and update them every two years. The Commission proposal to cut ammonia by 27% and methane by 33% by 2030, with an interim ammonia cut of 6% in 2020, has been criticised as too costly by farming lobbies in many EU countries.
Members of the EP Environment committee’s members have meanwhile been studying closely the results of a report carried out by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis that underlines how planned climate and energy targets for 2030 will significantly improve air quality making some of the revised NECD emission reduction and air quality goals €5.5bn cheaper than expected.
READ MORE – http://ec.europa.eu/environment/archives/air/pdf/TSAP.pdf
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