2030 Climate and Energy package beginning to take shape
In the past month indications of how 2030 Climate and Energy package will look have surfaced. The 2030 package will set out targets to succeed the 20-20-20 targets. A leaked impact assessment has shown that the Commission is currently considering six carbon reduction scenarios ranging from 35% to 45%, supported by renewable energy goals of 25-35%.
The 40% figure for emissions reductions is thought to be the most likely to feature in the Commission proposal due in January 2014. This falls short of the 60% reduction, which NGOs such as Friends of the Earth believe is required to keep warming below 2 degrees. The impact assessment does not consider the possibility of setting an energy efficiency target for 2030 although this may be done later in another assessment.
Part of the reason higher reductions weren't considered is that it could interfere with the functioning of the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), the EU's main policy instrument for climate action. A bigger renewables targets was also discounted because it would require a lower share of nuclear power. This would be in conflict with some Member State preferences.
The package will include a call for the EU to phase out fossil fuel subsidies. However, there will not be detailed recommendations on particular sectors or quantify the scale of the problem in Europe. The Directorate General for Energy plans to launch a tender for new research on subsidies for all types of energy in the coming weeks.
FURTHER INFORMATION: http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/2030/index_en.htm